What if you could finally break free from Sex Addiction?
STOP and STAY STOPPED! Enjoy life Without Shame!
Freedom from Pornography, Prostitutes, Anonymous Sex, and Infidelity
Discover the step by step system used by the world’s #1 Sex Addiction Treatment Facility to achieve sobriety, WITHOUT spending TENS of THOUSANDS of DOLLARS.
Recover From Home
The world’s FIRST Remote Recovery Program! Learn to use the tools needed to maintain recovery from the comfort of your own home.
Lifetime Access : 30-Day Money Back Guarantee
Take the introductory course “Am I A Sex Addict” risk-free with a 30-Day, no questions asked, Money-Back Guarantee. Any purchase comes with lifetime access.
Dr. Patrick Carnes
Program created by Sex Addiction pioneer Patrick Carnes, whose facilities treat the “who’s who” in sex addiction.
Certified Sex Therapists and Sex Addiction Therapists
Recovery is fragile in the beginning. Why settle for anything less than certified experts in the field of sex and sex addiction?
See What Our Clients Are Saying…
Keith M - Professional Athlete
“They give you the recipe, ingredients, and bake the cake with you over and over again until you get it. I can now bake my own recovery cake. I have my life back. It takes practice: falling down, getting up, and re-applying the tools with a experiential knowledge. The system helped me develop “smart feet”, that keep me in recovery.”
Javier L - Attorney
“These guys saved my marriage, carrier, but most importantly they saved my life. Not only are they masters in the field of sex addiction, they seem to intuitively know what challenges the client faces and communicates what to do, in a no nonsence fashion. Brutally honest, I love this about them. Run, don’t walk!”
Giovanni B - Sales Consultant
New York, NY
“I entered into Charlene’s group not knowing if it would help. I felt I had tried everything, and NOTHING was working. I am amazed at what I have learned about myself, my addiction, and the new strategies that I can use to stay sober. Shame and powerlessness have given way to a new way of living, with dignity and true intimacy. A big thank you to both of them just doesn’t cover it.
The Return 2 Intimacy Story
Co-Founders Charlene and Joshua Lewis
Experience – Strength – Hope
LCSW, CAP, AASECT/ITAAP CERTIFIED SEX ADDICTION THERAPIST
Co-Founder Return 2 Intimacy
Hi I am Charlene Lewis – a Sex Addiction therapist with over 15 years of clinical experience treating addiction. I also have over 15 years of real world, personal experience in sobriety.
Co-Founder: Return 2 Intimacy
Hi I am Joshua Lewis – a recovery coach with over 17 years of real life experience in sobriety from alcohol, substances, compulsive work, and sex addiction. My life’s mission is to help others suffering from sex addiction.
I always believed that my life was a gift, which I had great responsibility to make use of.
I was blessed with the ability to do well in school, and form great friendships. I had a loving supportive family that like every other family, had it’s issues. But with me there was a problem….
By age 9, I was carrying a dirty little secret that I couldn’t share with anyone else.
I was introduced to pornography by a cousin at the age of 6, which became my first love and first addiction.
I would later steal for it. I would skipped school for it. I put myself in harms way for it, because It made me feel alive.
I began to feel disconnected.
I felt broken…..like damaged goods.
Before I had finished middle school, I was immersed in an existence of toxic shame.
I couldn’t look people in the eyes because of this shame, and felt more anxiety and depression with every passing year.
During my late teens couldn’t keep a relationship because I simply wasn’t interested.
I had the safety of pornography.
I had the comfort of massage parlors.
When the internet took off in 1996 , I didn’t stand a chance.
Day after day I fell into this trance where one fantasy after the next might become reality; with just one more video, one more pic, one more click.
While my friends were dating and experiencing love and healthy sexuality in college, I would act out, self medicate with drugs and alcohol, and eventually fail out.
By this time, I had become convinced that there was something very wrong with me, as I started to visiting massage parlors more frequently.
I started to wonder if I was perhaps dealing with some mental disorder, and that I was going crazy.
I couldn’t imagine a joyful life continuing to act out, yet couldn’t bare the idea of letting it go.
I felt trapped, stuck, and KNEW that I NEEDED to stop.
Despite all of my self-hatred and disgust, despite my attempts to stop, I simply couldn’t STAY STOPPED for more than a few days.
Dozens of psychotherapy sessions and shelves of self-help books just could’t seem to make him feel whole again.
Alcohol and drugs soon became my way to cope.
Yet they couldn’t come close to alleviating his shame for more than a few moments, even as the amounts that he ingested increased.
I remember going to bars full of college merriment, go to the bathroom, and stare into the mirror and feeling completely lost.
I didn’t know who it was, that was looking at whom. This realization terrified me.
Eventually by the age of 26 helplessness and hopelessness grew to a point where I could no longer cope with life living in his own skin.
On some subconscious level, I had decided to end life.
On the morning of April 23rd 2003 I woke up in the hospital and was told that I was brought back to life a few days earlier, and that they had pumped my stomach, which was full of alcohol and pills.
And then something happened….
Miracle #1: I threw myself into the world of 12 step recovery and something truly amazing happened!
At this point in my life I had nothing to lose, and became open to a new way of thinking.
I was detoxed and spent two months in a treatment facility where we had intense group therapy, one on one therapy, and were taken to 12 step meetings.
After fully accepting that there was no other motive at these meetings but to help people get sober, I fully put aside my skepticism and blindly followed suggestions, working the 12 steps to the best of my ability.
Low and behold something miraculous happened…..it worked! I hadn’t been able to stay substance free for more than a few days, in over a decade.
A decade of Miracles: One year, two years, ten years passed without drugs, alcohol and MOST all compulsive sex stuff except…pornography.
I sought help from a therapist specializing in sex addiction and re-processed past trauma in a safe environment.
Discovered the 12 step fellowship of Adult Children of Alcoholics (for really any member of a family with some dysfunction, or all of us), and connected with it’s idea of an internal critical parent, a loving parent, and an inner child.
Realized that when I had gone to sex addiction related 12 step groups it became clear that recovery rates were just not as good as they were in other fellowships. Relapse was MUCH more frequent.
Sitting in a mens meeting of my core 12 step fellowship, I listened to one member after the other (most all with long term, SOLID double digit sobriety) lament that they were still struggling with pornography.
I began reading the work of Sex Addiction pioneer, Patrick Carnes, whom my wife had studied under as a sex addiction specialist herself. I began to appreciate the power of shame in keeping people in active addiction.
I was attending 12 step meetings for yet one more compulsion (WORK) and incorporated their Daily Spiritual Action Plan into my daily life…..rigorously.
Miracle #2: I had slowly developed a habit of using the tools to STAY STOPPED. Sobriety started to click!
I began working with other sex addicts, from all walks of life, to achieve and maintain sobriety. I learned a lot about what works, and what does not! I also was able to stay sober in helping others.
Simply sharing with these gentlemen what had worked for me, they managed to get sober!
Is lasting sobriety possible?
A resounding HELL YES! If anyone tells you otherwise, they are lying or tremendously misinformed. It IS very simple, but does not feel EASY or intuitive in the beginning. It is like learning to ride a bike. In the beginning we often fall off and get some bumps and bruises, but sooner than later, one day at a time we get cruisin’!
The 5 False Beliefs That Made Recovery IMPOSSIBLE!
#1: Sex addiction does not exist!
(Only people who get caught cheating use it as an excuse for bad behavior)
The most commonly used definition for addiction is “compulsive use despite adverse consequences.” If you cannot STAY STOPPED AND prevent negative consequences you are likely a sex addict! If you could have stopped, you likely would have already! Staying stopped is pretty self explanatory. Adverse consequences can be “big” or “small,” however they are exactly what they are. Examples:
- Getting arrested.
- Contracting a disease.
- Physical harm.
- Getting caught by spouse.
- Losing a job.
- Failed relationships or divorce.
- Feeling anxious and shame ridden.
- Losing large amounts of time.
- Losing large amounts of money.
- Losing friendships, and or a social life.
- Feeling completely isolated.
- Having to medicate feeling of shame with alcohol or drugs.
- …and many, many more!
#2: I can fix this problem myself!
How has that worked out for you so far? Trying to fix the problem (thinking;/behavior) with the problem (a brain that rationalizes, minimizes, forgets the harm and emotional pain experience when acting out), had me chasing my tail a very, very long time!
I had to ask myself: “Do I have more time or pain to spare?”
We at Return2Intimacy.com are here for you when you are “sick and tired of feeling sick and tired!”
Trying to “fix” this problem alone is something that I personally wish I would not have been so brazenly stubborn to try.
Most sex addicts experience this as a hopelessly futile, and exhausting road to go down. I get it! I don’t like asking for help finding something at Walmart, even though I would surely get my needs met much more quickly doing so.
Simple question: do you want to be “right” or do you want to be happy?
#3: “I just like sex a lot, but wouldn’t qualify as a sex addict per se!”
Of course there is nothing wrong with a rich, wonderful, enjoyable sex life! Is that what you are experiencing though? Have you taken a SEX ADDICTION SCREENING TEST? Answering HONESTLY in the affirmative to more than 13 questions indicates that you are likely one of many millions of sex addicts.
#4: “I believe that I am a sex addict, but it is not that bad.”
You can address it when it gets worse? Really? Yes the elevator might be going down, but you can get off at any time you like! Why not get out now? Some say that the first step to getting yourself out of a hole is to stop digging! It could be argued that there is a step before that: knowing that you are in a hole in the first place. Will you have the opportunity to stop before unintended consequences surely come about?
#5: You believe that it’s beyond your control and blame outside factors.
“Everyone is a sex addict! Sex is everywhere! Everyone is looking at porn or got something on the side? It is a part of our culture and there is no way to avoid it.” The essence of this argument is that the problem is “out there” somewhere and certainly not right here in the mirror. Either you are a sex addict or you are not. Either you are destined to suffer in silence as a victim, or you can actually participate in a solution. The good news is that YOU are the only one who can determine whether or not you associate with the term “sex addict” as defined above. It is no one else’s business but your own. Only YOU can address it. You would not be the first, nor the last.
The excuses, and rationalizations can, and most often do, go on ad nauseam. You have likely seen our video that covers over 50 more!
If you’re skeptical – welcome to the club!
Nearly EVERY SINGLE PERSON that has recovered from sex addiction believed at one point that they could NOT do it.
NOT ONE PERSON that we have worked with has NOT felt at least some doubt.
And yet they walk through the doubt, and it happens, ALL THE TIME!
The 12 Week Sex Addiction Recovery Intensive
An end-to-end, turn key, proven system that slowly but surely helps you develop the tools needed to stay sober from acting out on sex addiction.
Our 12 Week Sex Addiction Recovery E-Hab Intensive will help you to:
Stop acting out compulsively with sex.
Porn. Escorts. Compulsive dating. Stop and STAY stopped. You will be given the entire set of tools needed to take advantage of a full life in recovery.
Put an end to Toxic Shame
Those well worn, paths leading to shame can now be replaced with a new, single, and clear path forward. You will have new patterns of behavior and thinking that bring you those wonderful new things which are your birthright, like the following.
Experience Fulfilling And Meaningful Sex
Wake up with that person that you love, after a night of WONDERFUL (maybe even crazy) fulfilling sex!
Reclaim healthy Self Esteem
Be able to look people in the eye, and feel comfortable in your own skin, knowing that you have worked through the single greatest obstacle one could face.
Help others who are suffering with sex addiction
Who better to help others get through the hell of sex addiction than one who has been through that fire themselves, and come out better for it.
Become more compassionate with yourself and others
Realize that you are worthy of love, joy, respect, dignity, and can extend these things to other people.
Courage To Conquer ANYTHING
Our credits transfer, to this university that we call life! Rigorous self examination, and honesty with self will give you a rock solid foundation to face life on life’s terms.
Sex Addiction Recovery E-Hab is an online course that gives you the tools and proven system you need to create a lasting (and nearly effortless) relationship to sex.
Before getting into this program you will be given an in depth education on what sex addiction is and how it manifests, by a master in the field of sex addiction.
Over the course of 14 action packed weeks, and easy to follow modules we will lay out for you the exact method for recovery, pioneered by Patrick Carnes, and used at the most prestigious and successful sex addiction rehabilitation centers in the world.
The cost to have the exact same 10 modules given to you in a treatment center over the course of 45 days is $45,000
AM I A SEX ADDICT
WHO IS THIS INTRODUCTORY COURSE FOR?
Those who are contemplating the possibility that they, or a loved one, is suffering from sex addiction. The course highlights all of its hallmark signs and varying degrees of severity. Finally, it explores the options available to treat the addiction.
What is included?
- Over 108 Videos,
- Homework and Quizzes (optional but recommended)
- MP3 Podcast Version of course
- The Ultimate Sex Addiction Guide and Resources PDF
- Written transcript of each course video
Weeks 1: Pre-Module Education
Understanding the Disease of Sex Addiction
- What to do if you are struggling with sex addiction.
- In Depth Description the 3 stages of Sex addiction.
- How to find out if you are a sex addict.
- Best choices for recovery from sex addiction.
- Learn who is a sex addict and what it is defined by.
- Learn the 10 Criteria for sex addiction.
- Learn how sex addiction compares to other addictions
- Learn some of the causes of sex addiction.
- Learn about the root causes of sex addiction.
- Learn what current science says about sex addiction.
- Learn about interaction with other addictions
- Learn Why Sex Addicts cannot “simply stop”
- What help is available for sex addiction?
- What is the prognosis for sex addiction?
- 50 Beliefs that keep Sex addicts sick.
- How do sex addicts heal?
- The roll of cybersex in sex addiction.
- When the best time to get help is.
Sex Addiction: The Three Stages
- 1 – Stage 1: Introduction
- 2 – Stage 1 -Dependence Both Physical and Mental Withdrawal
- 3 – Stage 1 – Creation of Alter EGO THE ADDICT – A new persona
- 4 – Stage 1 – BREAKING THE addictive cycle within one’s self
- 5 – Stage 1 – Who can become an addict
- 6 – Stage 1 – Self Abandoning – Growth of the Addict
- 7 – Stage 1 – Shame Cycle Negative feedback loop of addiction
- 8 – Stage 1 – Forgoing Healthy activities and relationships for the addiction
- 9 – Stage 1 – Addiction compounds and quckens with negative feedback loop
- 1 – Stage II Lifestyle change
- 2 – Stage II- Behavioral Change is Most Evident
- 3 – Stage II – Gaslighting
- 4 – Stage II – Dependence on Process Substance becomes cemented
- 5 – Stage II – Defense Mechanisms of the addict develop
- 6 – Stage II – Self fully surrenders to the addict
- 7 – Stage II – People Problems
- 8 – Stage II – Manipulation Mechanics of the Addict
- 9 Stage II – Family and friends Label Addict – Justifies more addictive behavior
- 10 – Stage II- Addict Develops Confidence in Manipulations True Self a spectator
- 11 – Stage II – How therapy can help in Stage 2
- 12 – Stage II – Spiritual and Emotional Bankruptcy – Addict now fully isolates
- 13 – Stage II – Spiritual Malady Defined
- 14 – Stage II – Intensity vs Intimacy
- 1 – Stage 3 – Intro
- 2 – Stage 3 – Acting Out and Using Yields No Pleasure – All Pain
- 3 – Stage 3 – Intervention now likely the only choice
- 4 – Stage 3 – The Addicts Lifestyle in Final Stage
- 5 – Stage 3 – Prospect of Change – Recovery Becomes Terrifying
- 6 – Stage 3 – Extreme Sellf-Consciousness fear shame
- 7 – Stage 3 – The best time to stop the progression is NOW
- 8 – Stage 3 – Addict now fully places blame for suffering on others
- 9 – Stage 3 – The Child Comes Forth
- 10 – Stage 3 – Suicidal Thoughts
- 11 – Stage 3 – Addiction a chronic and fatal mental illness
- 12 – Stage 3 – SOLUTIONS
- 13 – Stage 3 – Reforming Healthy Dependence – Starting with therapist
- 14 – Stage 3 – Addict in recovery begins to Give instead of take
“The Recovery Start Bundle”
Includes Intro “Am I A Sex Addict course”
Week 3: Recovery Start Overview
Those who KNOW that they suffer from sex addiction and want a very solid crash course in HOW EXACTLY they must proceed to attain recovery.
24 lessons on using the tools needed for long term sobriety tools
- The 40 day Focus plan to start recovery
- The use of Core Dialgue Queries
- The use of 40 mediations and the Recovery Start kit Text books
- The process of the 90 day Prep, to be done after your first 40 days.
- The Addictive System: The mechanics of your addiction.
- The Recovery System: The mechanics of how we will short circuit the addictive system.
- The Systems Transformer Exercise (how you will move into recovery.
- The Cybersex Addiction Exercises
- The Eroticized Rage Exercises
- The Soul Window Exercises
- The Positive Sexual Focus Exercise
- The critical Three Circles exercise.
- The 90 Day focus, to be practiced after your first month of sobriety.
Full Course Bundle
“The 12 Week E-Hab Bundle”
Includes Intro “Am I A Sex Addict”
Week 3 Module 1: Task 1 Breaking Through Denial
- One hour of coursework and guided homework used to breakdown the denial system that keeps addiction in tact.
1 – Breaking Through Denial Psychoeducational Smaller
2 – Problems Secrets and Excuse Lists
3 – Why you need a 12 step group and Sponsors
4 – Addictive Cycle Exercises
5 – Unmanageable Moments List
6- Sexual Anorexia Exercises
7 – Collateral Indicators
8 – SDI: Sexual Dependency inventory
9 – Module 1 CLOSE
Week 4: Module 2 – ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR
One hour of coursework, lessons, and guided homework used to breakdown the denial system that keeps addiction in tact.
1 – Intro Addiction Definition and Characteristics
2 -The Addiction Cycle
3 – The Recovery System
4 – MAKING A SEX ADDICT
5 – SEX ADDICTION A BRAIN PROBLEM
6 -MOD 2 – HOMEWORK
7 – Homework 2 – Eroticized Rage
8 – MOD 2 Close and WARNINGUnderstand basic concepts of Sex Addiction
Week 5: Module 3 – Compulsive Sex
Understand basic concepts of sex addiction, courtship and cybersex
1-MOD 3 INTRO
2 – Courtship
3 – Courtship and the Sex Addiction Types
4 – Cybersex Issues
5 – Cybersex Issues 2
6 – Meditation Key Skills I
7 – Homework Mod 3
8 – Attachment Theory and Close
Week 6: Module 4 – Accepting Illness
Get a FULL and Clear Understanding of what the disease of sex addiction has done to your life.
1 – MOD 4 Intro
2 – About the 1st step
3 – Steps as a grieving process
4 – Meditation Key Concepts
5- Homework Mod 4
Week 7: Module 5 – Damage Control
The beginnings of a Paradigm Shift
2 – Six Stages of Recovery
3 – Damage Control
4 – Disclosure Issues
5 – Intro To Relapse Prevention Tools
6 – Resisting Relapse Reflection
7 – Meditation Principles III
8 – Homework
Week 8: Module 6 – Sexual Sobriety
1 – Intro
2 – Relapse Scenarios
3 – 3 circles exercise
4 – Meditation Principles 4 – Surviving Bottom
5 – Homework
Week 9: Module 7 – Relapse Prevention
Protecting your sobriety
1 – Intro
2 – Relapse Prevention: 4 stages of Relapse
3 – Recovery Tools to Resist Cravings
5 – Intro to Soul Window Exercise
4 – 4 Barriers to Relapse
6 – PCI Exercise for Relapse Prevention
7 – Steps 2 and 3
8 – Homework
Week 10: Module 8 – Sexual Awareness
Getting a little deeper into what makes our sexuality tick
1 – Intro
2 – The Arousal Template
3 – Eroticized Feelings
4 – Neuropathways of Addiction
5 – Sexual Neuropathways
6 – Attachment Disorders
7 – Sexual Neuropathways and addiction
8 – Arrousal Template Part 2
9 – Components of Arousal
10 – Can We change our arousal Template
11 – Homework
Week 11: Module 9 – Recovery Planning
Planning for restitution with professional help
1 – Intro
2 – Emotional Restitution Guidelines
3 – Victim Identification
4 – Victim Introspection Letter
5 – Partner Positive Trait Card
6 – Addicts Frame by Frame Analysis
7 – Emotional Restitution Letter
8 – Emotional Restitution Letter PT 2
9 – Emotional Restitution Letter PT 3
10 – Emotional Restitution Letter PT 4
11 – ESL PT 5-8
12 – ESL MAJOR WARNING
13 – Homework
Week 12: Module 10 – Recovery over the next 90 days
How to maintaining rock solid, continued sobriety: Key Components.
1 – Intro
2 – Feedback – Secrets – Rat on Disease
3 – 12 step recovery – NOT OPTIONAL
4 – 90 Day Focus
5 – Homework
6 – Thank You
You have nothing to lose! 30 Day Money Back Guarantee – Risk Free
If our introductory course doesn’t feel like it was worth it, we don’t want your money!
Our course is not easy, but the results are unparalleled!
It absolutely will, as long as you know H.O.W. to do it. H.O.W. stands for
Do the work, sequentially, and follow the suggestions and you will get what you need out of it. It is like a cake recipe....there are ingredients and steps that need to be followed. Think of how much time you have put into "acting out", and plan on spending this much time on your recovery!
We recommend taking these courses one at a time!
Start with the lest expensive. Upgrade to the next bundle by paying the difference in price between the two.
Getting honest, what does acting out cost you in terms of time and money (forget about emotional pain and relationships that suffer)? Most sex addicts would say that the cost of recovery is a pittance compared to the cost of staying in active addiction. The cost for a full 45 day sex addiction program at the Meadows in AZ, using THE EXACT same tools, costs $45,000.
Relapse may be a part of your journey. It may not. It does not HAVE to be though. The important part is to avoid getting into guilt and shame, and immediately get back to recovery work. See where you might have taken a wrong term, and discover how to avoid that route. This process will NOT be done perfectly, so another pitfall is getting into "black or white" "all or nothing" thinking. We are looking for progress one day at a time and NOT perfection. None of us have done this perfectly.
The work in the 12 modules, if done correctly, may be difficult and emotionally painful at times. For this reason It MUST be done with a recovery friendly therapist of your choosing, or a sponsor. You WILL NOT get the results that you wish to get doing this program completely alone. Sharing your work with others who understand the addiction will be critical for getting validation, understanding, and most importantly SUPPORT.
Only you can determine if you are suffering from sex addiction. You will need to have the capacity to be honest with yourself and hopefully one other person familiar with addiction. Our program is staggered in such a way (3 parts) that you can tackle one at a time, at your pace. To get a better idea of where you stand, take the FREE assessment that we offer. It should give you an idea as to where you stand.
Am I A REALLY a Sex Addict?
- Sex Addiction The Complete Guide (20 Videos) $497 Value
- The 3 Stages of Sex Addiction (36 Videos) $397 Value
- 50 Barriers to Recovery Video $197 Value
- Recovery Start – Instructional Videos on the ESSENTIAL Tools for Our Entire Recovery Program $497 Value
- 10 Page Sex Addiction Recovery Guide and Resources PDF $97 Value
- Am I A Sex Addict MP3 audio
- Am I A Sex Addict PDF
- 3 Stages of Addiction MP3
- 3 Stages of Addiction PDF
- Am I A Sex Addict Homework Assignments
Sex Addiction 12 Week E-Bring Your Own CSAT
Everything included with Am I A Sex Addict
- FULL 12 Week E-Hab Recovery Program
- One Year – On-Line After Care Community ACCESS
- Module 1: Week 3 Breaking Through Denial
- Module 2: Week 4 – Addictive Behavior
- Module 3: Week 5 – Compulsive Sex
- Module 4: Week 6 – Accepting Illness
- Module 5: Week 7 – Damage Control
- Module 6: Week 8 – Sexual Sobriety
- Module 7: Week 9 – Relapse Prevention
- Module 8: Week 10 – Sexual Awareness
- Module 9: Week 11 – Recovery Planning
- Module 10: Week 12 – The Recovery Plan
- Recovery Start Introduction, MP3
- 40-Day Focus, MP3
- Positive Sexual Focus, MP3
- 90-Day Focus, MP3
- A Conversation with John Bradshaw and Dr. Patrick Carnes
12 Week E-Hab Intensive Program
Everything included with Sex Addiction 12 Week Rehab Self- Study
- (12) One Hour 1-on-1 Sessions With CSAT
- (12) Weekly 1.5 Hour Small Group (Max 8) Processing Sessions*
- Emwave 2 Biofeedback – Coherence trainer $199
Recovery Start Book Collection ($529 – Amazon.com)
- Facing The Shadow – Carnes
- The 40-Day Focus: Book One (184 pages)
- The 90-Day Prep: Book Two (114 pages)
- The 90-Day Focus: Book Three (200 pages)
- 90-Day Planner
- One Year Planner
*May be substituted for 1-on-1 30 minute recovery coaching sessions as needed at R2I discretion.